Skip to main content

On October 5, 2012, Congress enacted into law a national system for tracking hazardous waste shipments electronically. This system, known as “e-Manifest,” was established to modernize the nation’s cradle-to-grave hazardous waste tracking process while saving valuable time, resources, and dollars for industry and states.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) launched e-Manifest on June 30, 2018. As of June 30, UNC-Chapel Hill had the choice of continuing to utilize paper manifests for hazardous waste documentation or moving fully into using EPA’s online e-manifesting website. This program went hand in hand with UNC Environment, Health and Safety’s embracement of the UNC goal of Three Zeros.

UNC opted to fully adopt e-manifesting from the start of the rule taking effect and submitted its first e-manifest via the EPA website on July 2, 2018. As of December 31, 2018, UNC had submitted a total of 204 e-manifests and paid $1,020 in associated manifest fees. By choosing e-manifesting over paper manifesting, EHS saved $2,040 in fees during 2018.

According to data provided by the EPA, 655,320 manifests were provided to EPA during the period between the end of June 2018 and mid-December 2018. Of those manifests, only 1,643 were submitted as fully electronic manifests. UNC was responsible for over 11% of all of the e-manifests submitted to the EPA during that timeframe. UNC has been an early and enthusiastic adopter of the new technology.

Performance measurement is a critical part of the EHS management system. Education, customer service and internal processes are the three most essential components of our work. The chart below indicates the performance in these areas over a five-year period with Level Four representing optimum performance. The adjacent tab shows the specific performance activities and the level of that performance for 2018.

Components, Years and Level Completed
Education Customer Service Internal Processes
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
3 4 3 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 2 3 4 4


  • Trained 1,919 employees on Managing Laboratory Generated Hazardous Waste through orientation safety online training.
  • Trained 6,430 employees on Laboratory Chemical Waste Management (Subpart K) through online training.
  • Trained 159 employees on Universal Waste Handling through online training.
  • Trained 35 employees from Parking and Transportation and the Art Department in stormwater awareness through classroom training.
  • Trained 51 UNC employees in stormwater awareness through online training.
  • Trained 6 Service Station employees, 4 RDU Airport Medical Air Operations employees and 9 EHS employees on stormwater permit requirements and pollution prevention through classroom training.
  • Participated in the Earth Day educational fair.
  • Presented “Inspected by EPA Region IV and North Carolina DWM on Day 1 of the New Generator Improvements Rule Implementation!” at the CHMM National Conference.
  • Conducted TSD Permit Specific Training: Modules 1-5.
  • Participated in the State Climate Office Tour with approximately 30 public school students by organizing a stormwater pollution run off, hands-on demonstration.

Customer Service

  • Conducted 11,355 waste pickups of 61,241 kg of hazardous waste and 101,236 kg of non-hazardous solid waste from University generators.
  • Conducted 649 pickups of radioactive waste and shipped 41.6516m Ci of radioactive waste offsite for treatment and disposal.
  • Completed 63 HW manifests for transport of hazardous waste and solid waste to an offsite vendor TSDF for treatment and disposal.
  • Shipped 103,310 kg of waste from the TSDF to an offsite vendor TSDF for treatment and disposal.
  • Created 32 waste manifests associated with the direct shipment of solid and hazardous waste from UNC-CH laboratories to offsite vendor TSDFs for treatment and disposal.
  • Shipped 9,950 kg of solid and hazardous waste directly to offsite vendor TSDFs.
  • Shipped 5,825 kg of scrap metal (ferrous and non-ferrous) offsite for reclamation and recycle.
  • Shipped 1,052 kg of regulated medical waste boxes to Stericycle for incineration.
  • Aided with controlled substances drug disposal on campus which included 20 visits by DHHS Drug Control Unit for 25 lab visits/inspections.
  • Conducted 35 NPDES sediment and erosion control inspections of NPDES permitted land disturbance projects.
  • Conducted one Phase 1 ESAs for a property in coordination with the UNC Property Office.
  • Assisted UNCW with their emergency response to Hurricane Florence.

Internal Processes

  • The University implemented Subpart K for laboratory hazardous waste management and implemented the New Hazardous Waste Generator Regulations for the Facilities Services maintenance shops.
  • Prepared UNC Hospital hazardous and radioactive waste budget analysis and corresponding year-end invoices.
  • Submitted Semi-Annual and Annual Reports for the UNC Title V air permit; prepared the Annual Air Emission Inventory; and completed the annual Greenhouse Gas submittal.
  • Received the revised Title V air permit issued for installation of a new fire pump at Davis Library. Prepared a permit modification application to install a dry-sorbent injection system at Cogen. EA assisted with air quality issues associated with the proposed hospital generator complex.
  • A Title V presentation and compliance tool, initially prepared in 2013, were updated.
  • Revised the Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan for the HMF Stormwater Permit.
  • Created an O & M Plan for the FOBRL Lift Station.
  • Conducted monthly maintenance and sampling at the Mason Farm Low-Level Radioactive Waste Site and prepared an annual report documenting conditions at the site.
  • Conducted monthly maintenance and sampling at the Airport Road Waste Disposal Area, and prepared an annual report documenting conditions at the site. An additional groundwater recover well was installed to help speed cleanup at the site.
  • Conducted a joint department stream clean up with UNC Athletics.
  • Conducted permit required sampling at the Bingham Facility wastewater system. Submitted monthly and annual reports to regulators. Installed a facility-wide water softener at the complex.
  • Applied for a buffer authorization permit from NC DEQ and a Nationwide Permit from the USACE for Outdoor Recreation Stormwater Retrofit Project using the new electronic Pre-Construction Notification submittal.
  • Conducted permit-required semiannual stormwater monitoring for the HMF Stormwater Permit and submitted reports to NC DEQ.
  • Applied for and received the Central Campus Athletic Project’s reclaimed water permit modification from NC DEQ, and assisted with cleanup of petroleum-impacted soil from under the stands at the facility.
  • Applied for and received erosion and sedimentation Control permits from NC DEQ for UNC Hospitals Surgical Towers, Horace Williams Airport Property Solar and Energy Storage Demonstration, Odum Village Student Apartment Complex Demolition and SECU Family House.
  • Received the campus-wide NPDES Phase II stormwater permit renewal from NC DEQ.
  • Began using EPA’s new E-Manifesting system for all hazardous waste shipments from campus to the Hazardous Materials Facility.
  • Submitted the 2017 Biennial Hazardous Waste Report.
  • Motion Lights/Sensors for Building 582 installed as part of the UNC Security Assessment.
  • RFPs submitted and approved for Hazardous, Medical and Radioactive Waste contractors.