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For information on how to prevent the spread of Norovirus please visit the CDC website for Preventing Norovirus.
Get information and resources about bed bugs at the CDC website’s bed bug page.
Print this Handwashing Campaign Poster and post it to provide information about washing your hands.
Use the following resources to get information on who is at risk and how to treat head lice.

Use the following resources to get tips and information to avoid heat stress during the summer months.

Staphylococcus aureus are bacteria commonly found on the skin of healthy people. S. aureus is a common cause of skin infections. Most of these skin infections are minor (such as pimples and boils) but some can be serious (such as surgical wound infections, bloodstream infections, and pneumonia). Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) is resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics such as methicillin, oxacillin, penicillin and amoxicillin.

MRSA infections in the community are usually skin infections, such as pimples and boils, and occur in otherwise healthy people. In the outbreaks of MRSA, the environment (i.e. surfaces) has not played a significant role in the transmission of MRSA. MRSA is transmitted most frequently by direct skin-to-skin contact. You can prevent MRSA skin infections by practicing good hygiene:

  1. Wash your hands.
  2. Keep cuts and scrapes clean and covered with a bandage until healed.
  3. Avoid contact with other people’s wounds or bandages.
  4. Avoid sharing personal items such as towels or razors.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website has excellent information about MRSA. Visit the CDC’s main MRSA website or their website with information about community acquired MRSA.

NIOSH has posted a new web page with information and recommendations to help employers and workers address workplace concerns associated with MRSA.

Rabies, which can infect and be transmitted by any mammal, has moved rapidly into the area’s wild animal population in recent years. In 2002 there were 323 confirmed cases of rabies in North Carolina compared to 106 cases in 1993. In Orange County, there were 15 cases (13 in raccoons, 1 in a bat, and 1 in a fox) in 2002.

Students, employees and others on campus need to be aware of the epidemic and take precautions against infection and know what to do if they see a suspicious animal or come into contact with one. Anyone who sees an animal displaying the symptoms of rabies should call the Department of Public Safety by dialing 911.

Common signs of rabies in animals include the following behaviors:

  • Daytime activity in animals normally active at night.
  • Staggering, weakness and paralysis.
  • A change in the animal’s voice.
  • Inability or reluctance to eat or drink.
  • Drooling or frothing at the mouth.
  • Convulsions.

Rabies is a disease, caused by a virus, which can infect all mammals, including humans. It is transmitted through contact with the saliva or nervous tissue of an infectious animal – usually through a bite. Rabies can also be passed by scratches from an infected animal or when infected saliva or brain tissue comes into contact with open wounds or breaks in the skin or mucous membranes.

If an exposed person or animal is not treated quickly, the virus may infect the person or animal and may result in death. Although the annual rabies death rate in the United States is very low, many of those deaths result from bat bites because such bites may not be noticeable. If you find a bat near a young child, a pet or person who is asleep or intoxicated, call 911 so the bat can be captured and tested. Anyone who might have been exposed should seek immediate medical attention.

If you are bitten, scratched or come into contact with any animal you suspect may be rabid, in addition to contacting public safety or other emergency personnel, it is important to act quickly to prevent contracting the disease.

According to guidelines established by the Federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, you should wash the wound as soon as possible for at least 10 minutes with soap and warm running water and contact a doctor immediately.

Students should go to the Student Health Service. University employees on duty should go to theUniversity Employee Occupational Health Clinic at 145 N. Medical Drive. Except on holidays, the clinic is open Monday-Friday, 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. Employees working during shifts when the clinic is closed should follow procedures established by their department.

If exposed while off-duty, employees should call their family doctor or go immediately to the nearest emergency room.

For more health information, please visit the Orange County Health Department.

For information about shingles, please visit the CDC website.
Read about UNC-Chapel Hill’s Plan for minimizing the risk of West Nile Virus to students, faculty, staff and visitors.
Learn more about Pertussis (Whooping Cough) with the CDC Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases Pertussis (Whooping Cough) document.