This section has been reviewed and updated as needed: April 2012
Poor workplace designs can present ergonomic risk factors called stressors. These stressors include but are not limited to repetition, force, and extreme postures.
- Repetition: Is the number of motions or movements that are performed per cycle or per shift.
- Force: Is the muscles used to produce force in order to perform necessary activities such as lifting, grasping, pinching, pushing, etc.
- Extreme Postures: Is when muscles are required to work at a level near or at their maximum capacity.
Employee exposure to these stressors can cause injury or some type of Musculoskeletal Disorder.
- Engineering Controls: Are changes made to the workstations, tools, and/or machinery that alter the physical composition of area or process.
- Administrative Controls: Are changes made to regulate exposure without making physical changes to the area or process, for example taking frequent breaks and job rotations.
Departments are responsible for providing sufficient resources to implement ergonomic recommendations in a timely manner as well as ensuring that employees are properly trained.
The Department of Environment, Health and Safety is responsible for evaluating and monitoring the ergonomic program including assessing the nature and extent of ergonomic hazards, recommending ways of minimizing or controlling these hazards, and support the University in consultation and direction regarding ergonomics. The Department of Environment, Health and Safety is also responsible for ensuring that training on ergonomics is available to all employees.